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AN ANCIENT EGYPTIAN GESSO-PAINTED WOOD MUMMY MASK

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AN ANCIENT EGYPTIAN GESSO-PAINTED WOOD MUMMY MASK
Item Details
Description
Ca. 1069 - 332 B.C. Third Intermediate Period to Late Period. Egyptian. An ancient Egyptian anthropomorphic sarcophagus mask carved from an expensive cedar wood. Heavy drawn black outline for the eyes, and the clear, circular pupils against painted white eyeballs, are drawn in black paint. Decorated with dark red painted polychrome; The eyes and mouth have been carved with care painted in a black pigment. The eyes are radiant and projecting a gentle smile which was symbolic believing it would assist in a peaceful and solemn afterlife. On the reverse peg holes are shown for attachment to the sarcophagus. A peg ontop to connect the Nemes headcloth.The mummy mask was an essential part of burial and acted as protection but would also act as a substitute for the mummified head should it be lost or damaged. The Egyptians hoped to be able to continue their lives after death, through a strong belief in an afterlife. For this to be achieved, the deceased needed to be given a proper burial.The image of the deceased was essential to gain entry to the afterlife; Without eyes, the deceased will not see, without ears, the deceased is unable to hear the questions being ask, without a mouth the deceased is unable to say their name during the Final Judgment.Edouard Naville, Ahnas el Medineh (Hereacleopolis Magna) and J. J. Taylor and F. L. Griffith, The Tomb of Paheri. London: Egypt Exploration Fund, 1894, Pls. VII, XI; pp. 13–14. Naville dates them to the Ptolemaic or Roman times; see also, a wood coffin lid, circa Dynasty XXV,The Egyptian Mummy Secrets and Science, University Museum Handbook l. Philadelphia: The University Museum, 1980, p. ii;John H. Taylor, Egyptian Coffins. Aylesbury, Bucks: Shire Publications, Inc., 1989, p. 62, 51.For a selection of masks see the following:The Museum of Tennessee, Knoxville, US.Mclung Museum of Natural History and CultureThe Met Museumhttps://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/collection-areas/egyptian-artThe National Museums of Scotlandhttps://www.nms.ac.uk/explore-our-collections/stories/world-cultures/ancient-egyptian-collection/ancient-egyptian-collection/coffins-and-mummy-masks/The Brooklyn Museumhttps://www.brooklynmuseum.org/exhibitions/to_live_forever/ Provenance: From the collection of a London gentleman; formerly acquired in early 2000s; previously in 1970s UK collection. Size: L:180mm / W:100mm ; 175g
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AN ANCIENT EGYPTIAN GESSO-PAINTED WOOD MUMMY MASK

Estimate £2,000 - £3,000
Nov 21, 2021
See Sold Price
Starting Price £1,000
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0249: AN ANCIENT EGYPTIAN GESSO-PAINTED WOOD MUMMY MASK
Sold for £3,00021 Bids
Est. £2,000 - £3,000Starting Price £1,000
ANCIENT ART AND ANTIQUITIES
Nov 21, 2021 8:00 AM EST
Buyer's Premium 20%
Lot 0249 Details
Description
...
Ca. 1069 - 332 B.C. Third Intermediate Period to Late Period. Egyptian. An ancient Egyptian anthropomorphic sarcophagus mask carved from an expensive cedar wood. Heavy drawn black outline for the eyes, and the clear, circular pupils against painted white eyeballs, are drawn in black paint. Decorated with dark red painted polychrome; The eyes and mouth have been carved with care painted in a black pigment. The eyes are radiant and projecting a gentle smile which was symbolic believing it would assist in a peaceful and solemn afterlife. On the reverse peg holes are shown for attachment to the sarcophagus. A peg ontop to connect the Nemes headcloth.The mummy mask was an essential part of burial and acted as protection but would also act as a substitute for the mummified head should it be lost or damaged. The Egyptians hoped to be able to continue their lives after death, through a strong belief in an afterlife. For this to be achieved, the deceased needed to be given a proper burial.The image of the deceased was essential to gain entry to the afterlife; Without eyes, the deceased will not see, without ears, the deceased is unable to hear the questions being ask, without a mouth the deceased is unable to say their name during the Final Judgment.Edouard Naville, Ahnas el Medineh (Hereacleopolis Magna) and J. J. Taylor and F. L. Griffith, The Tomb of Paheri. London: Egypt Exploration Fund, 1894, Pls. VII, XI; pp. 13–14. Naville dates them to the Ptolemaic or Roman times; see also, a wood coffin lid, circa Dynasty XXV,The Egyptian Mummy Secrets and Science, University Museum Handbook l. Philadelphia: The University Museum, 1980, p. ii;John H. Taylor, Egyptian Coffins. Aylesbury, Bucks: Shire Publications, Inc., 1989, p. 62, 51.For a selection of masks see the following:The Museum of Tennessee, Knoxville, US.Mclung Museum of Natural History and CultureThe Met Museumhttps://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/collection-areas/egyptian-artThe National Museums of Scotlandhttps://www.nms.ac.uk/explore-our-collections/stories/world-cultures/ancient-egyptian-collection/ancient-egyptian-collection/coffins-and-mummy-masks/The Brooklyn Museumhttps://www.brooklynmuseum.org/exhibitions/to_live_forever/ Provenance: From the collection of a London gentleman; formerly acquired in early 2000s; previously in 1970s UK collection. Size: L:180mm / W:100mm ; 175g
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